# State spaces and dipaths up to dihomotopy

## Martin Raussen

Geometric models have been used by several authors to describe the behaviour of concurrent sytems in computer science. A concurrent computation corresponds to an oriented path (\emph{dipath}) in a (locally) partially ordered state space, and \emph{di}homotopic dipaths correspond to equivalent computations. This paper studies several invariants of the state space in the spirit of those of algebraic topology, but taking partial orders into account as an important part of the structure. We use several categories of fractions of the fundamental category of the state space and define and investigate the related quotient categories of components''. For concurrency applications, the resulting categories can be interpreted as a dramatic reduction of the size of the state space to be considered.

Homology, Homotopy and Applications, Vol. 5(2003), No. 2, pp. 257-280

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