Advances in Theoretical and Mathematical Physics
Volume 9 (2005)
Instantons, fluxons, and open gauge string theory
Pages: 775 – 860
We use the exact instanton expansion to illustrate various string characteristics of non-commutative gauge theory in two dimensions. We analyse the spectrum of the model and present some evidence in favour of Hagedorn and fractal behaviours. The decompactification limit of non-commutative torus instantons is shown to map in a very precise way, at both the classical and quantum levels, onto fluxon solutions on the non-commutative plane. The weak-coupling singularities of the usual Gross--Taylor string partition function for QCD on the torus are studied in the instanton representation and its double-scaling limit, appropriate for the mapping onto non-commutative gauge theory, is shown to be a generating function for the volumes of the principal moduli spaces of holomorphic differentials. The non-commutative deformation of this moduli space geometry is described and appropriate open string interpretations are proposed in terms of the fluxon expansion.