Advances in Theoretical and Mathematical Physics
Volume 11 (2007)
Counting BPS operators in the chiral ring of $\cal N=2$ supersymmetric gauge theories or $\cal N=2$ braine surgery
Pages: 1091 – 1112
This note is presenting the generating functions which count the BPS operators in the chiral ring of a $\cal N=2$ quiver gauge theory that lives on N D3-branes probing an ALE singularity. The difficulty in this computation arises from the fact that this quiver gauge theory has a moduli space of vacua that splits into many branches - the Higgs, the Coulomb, and mixed branches. As a result, there can be operators which explore those different branches and the counting gets complicated by having to deal with such operators while avoiding over or under counting. The solution to this problem turns out to be very elegant and is presented in this note. Some surprises with "surgery" of generating functions arises.