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# Advances in Theoretical and Mathematical Physics

## Volume 15 (2011)

### Number 5

### Division algebras and supersymmetry II

Pages: 1373 – 1410

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4310/ATMP.2011.v15.n5.a4

#### Authors

#### Abstract

Starting from the four normed division algebras – thereal numbers, complex numbers, quaternions and octonions– a systematic procedure gives a 3-cocycle on thePoincaré Lie superalgebra in dimensions 3, 4, 6 and 10.A related procedure gives a 4-cocycle on the Poincaré Liesuperalgebra in dimensions 4, 5, 7 and 11. In general, an$(n+1)$-cocycle on a Lie superalgebra yields a “Lie$n$-superalgebra”: that is, roughly speaking, an $n$-termchain complex equipped with a bracket satisfying the axiomsof a Lie superalgebra up to chain homotopy. We thus obtainLie 2-superalgebras extending the Poincaré superalgebrain dimensions 3, 4, 6 and 10, and Lie 3-superalgebrasextending the Poincaré superalgebra in dimensions 4, 5, 7and 11. As shown in Sati, Schreiber and Stasheff’s work onhigher gauge theory, Lie 2-superalgebra connectionsdescribe the parallel transport of strings, while Lie3-superalgebra connections describe the parallel transportof 2-branes. Moreover, in the octonionic case, theseconnections concisely summarize the fields appearing in10- and 11-dimensional supergravity.