Advances in Theoretical and Mathematical Physics

Volume 18 (2014)

Number 5

Geometric engineering of (framed) BPS states

Pages: 1063 – 1231

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4310/ATMP.2014.v18.n5.a3

Authors

Wu-Yen Chuang (Department of Mathematics, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan)

Duiliu-Emanuel Diaconescu (NHETC, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey, U.S.A.)

Jan Manschot (Max Planck Institute for Mathematics, Bonn, Germany; and Bethe Center for Theoretical Physics, University of Bonn, Germany)

Gregory W. Moore (NHETC, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey, U.S.A.)

Yan Soibelman (Department of Mathematics, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Ks., U.S.A.)

Abstract

BPS quivers for $\mathcal{N} = 2 \: SU(N)$ gauge theories are derived via geometric engineering from derived categories of toric Calabi-Yau threefolds. While the outcome is in agreement of previous low energy constructions, the geometric approach leads to several new results. An absence of walls conjecture is formulated for all values of $N$, relating the field theory BPS spectrum to large radius D-brane bound states. Supporting evidence is presented as explicit computations of BPS degeneracies in some examples. These computations also prove the existence of BPS states of arbitrarily high spin and infinitely many marginal stability walls at weak coupling. Moreover, framed quiver models for framed BPS states are naturally derived from this formalism, as well as a mathematical formulation of framed and unframed BPS degeneracies in terms of motivic and cohomological Donaldson-Thomas invariants. We verify the conjectured absence of BPS states with “exotic” $SU(2)_R$ quantum numbers using motivic DT invariants. This application is based in particular on a complete recursive algorithm which determines the unframed BPS spectrum at any point on the Coulomb branch in terms of noncommutative Donaldson-Thomas invariants for framed quiver representations.

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