Communications in Analysis and Geometry

Volume 22 (2014)

Number 4

Ricci-flat graphs with girth at least five

Pages: 671 – 687



Yong Lin (Renmin University of China, Beijing, China)

Linyuan Lu (Department of Mathematics, University of South Carolina, Columbia, S.C., U.S.A.)

S.-T. Yau (Department of Mathematics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S.A.)


A graph is called Ricci-flat if its Ricci curvatures vanish on all edges. Here we use the definition of Ricci curvature on graphs given in Lin–Lu–Yau, Tohoku Math., 2011, which is a variation of Ollivier, J. Funct. Math., 2009. In this paper, we classified all Ricci-flat connected graphs with girth at least five: they are the infinite path, cycle $C_n (n \geq 6)$, the dodecahedral graph, the Petersen graph and the half-dodecahedral graph. We also construct many Ricci-flat graphs with girth 3 or 4 by using the root systems of simple Lie algebras.

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