Communications in Information and Systems
Volume 13 (2013)
Special Issue in Honor of Marshall Slemrod: Part 2 of 4
Phase transitions for laminar-turbulent flows in a pipeline or through porous media
Pages: 151 – 181
Liquid/vapor phase changes for a fluid flow through a porous medium or a pipeline are considered. In particular, the model covers both laminar and turbulent flows. The presence of both laminar and turbulent flows causes jump discontinuities in the friction coefficient. Classical trajectories of traveling waves terminate when they intersect the discontinuity. We construct traveling wave solutions by monotonically smoothing the discontinuity and then taking a limiting process. The limit is independent of the monotonepreserving smoothing. This uniqueness justifies the construction of the traveling wave via this smoothing and limiting approach. Existence of traveling waves is established in a wide range of situations; in particular, the end states may be formed either by pure phases or mixtures.