Communications in Mathematical Sciences
Volume 14 (2016)
Fundamental diagrams in traffic flow: The case of heterogeneous kinetic models
Pages: 643 – 669
Experimental studies on vehicular traffic provide data on quantities like density, flux, and mean speed of the vehicles. However, the diagrams relating these variables (the fundamental and speed diagrams) show some peculiarities not yet fully reproduced nor explained by mathematical models. In this paper, resting on the methods of kinetic theory, we introduce a new traffic model which takes into account the heterogeneous nature of the flow of vehicles along a road. In more detail, the model considers traffic as a mixture of two or more populations of vehicles (e.g., cars and trucks) with different microscopic characteristics, in particular different lengths and/or maximum speeds. With this approach we gain some insights into the scattering of the data in the regime of congested traffic clearly shown by actual measurements.
traffic flow, kinetic models, multispecies kinetic equations, fundamental diagrams
2010 Mathematics Subject Classification
65Z05, 76P05, 90B20