Communications in Mathematical Sciences
Volume 14 (2016)
A discrete stochastic formulation for reversible bimolecular reactions via diffusion encounter
Pages: 1741 – 1772
The classical models for irreversible diffusion-influenced reactions can be derived by introducing absorbing boundary conditions to over-damped continuous Brownian motion (BM) theory. As there is a clear corresponding stochastic process, the mathematical description takes both Kolmogorov forward equation for the evolution of the probability distribution function and the stochastic sample trajectories. This dual description is a fundamental characteristic of stochastic processes and allows simple particle-based simulations to accurately match the expected statistical behavior. However, in the traditional theory using the back-reaction boundary condition to model reversible reactions with geminate recombinations, several subtleties arise: It is unclear what the underlying stochastic process is, which causes complications in producing accurate simulations; and it is non-trivial how to perform an appropriate discretization for numerical computations. In this work, we derive a discrete stochastic model that recovers the classical models and their boundary conditions in the continuous limit. In the case of reversible reactions, we recover the back-reaction boundary condition, unifying the back-reaction approach with those of current simulation packages. Furthermore, all the complications encountered in the continuous models become trivial in the discrete model. Our formulation brings to attention the question: With computations in mind, can we develop a discrete reaction kinetics model that is more fundamental than its continuous counterpart?
stochastic reaction-diffusion, diffusion-influenced reactions, reversible reactions, chemical kinetics, Markov chain, Brownian motion, absorption boundary, back-reaction boundary
2010 Mathematics Subject Classification
60J10, 60J22, 60J50, 60J70, 65C35, 65C40, 92C40