Homology, Homotopy and Applications

Volume 15 (2013)

Number 1

Étale homotopy types and bisimplicial hypercovers

Pages: 27 – 49

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4310/HHA.2013.v15.n1.a2

Author

Michael D. Misamore

Abstract

Suppose $(C, x)$ is a pointed locally connected small Grothendieck site, and let $(X, z)$ denote any connected locally fibrant simplicial sheaf $X$ equipped with a “geometric” point $z$. Following Artin-Mazur, an étale homotopy type of $X$ may then be defined via the geometrically pointed hypercovers of $X$ to yield a pro-object of the homotopy category, but this is not the only possible definition. In Étale homotopy of simplicial schemes, Friedlander defined another étale homotopy type of a simplicial scheme $X$ by taking diagonals of geometrically pointed bisimplicial hypercovers. In this paper, these two types are shown to be pro-isomorphic by means of a direct comparison of the associated cocycle categories. Friedlander’s construction of étale homotopy types as actual pro-simplicial sets relies on a rigidity property of the étale topology that may not always be available for arbitrary sites; the cocycle methods employed here do not have this limitation. By consequence, the associated homotopy types constructed from hypercovers and bisimplicial hypercovers are shown to be pro-isomorphic on any locally connected small Grothendieck site, and the comparison at the level of cocycles shows, in particular, that both abelian and non-abelian sheaf cohomology may be computed via bisimplicial hypercovers on arbitrary small Grothendieck sites.

Keywords

étale, homotopy, simplicial, sheaf

2010 Mathematics Subject Classification

14F35, 18G30

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