Journal of Combinatorics

Volume 3 (2012)

Number 1

Multicolor on-line degree Ramsey numbers of trees

Pages: 91 – 100

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4310/JOC.2012.v3.n1.a4

Authors

William B. Kinnersley (Department of Mathematics, University of Illinois, Urbana, Il., U.S.A.)

Douglas B. West (Department of Mathematics, University of Illinois, Urbana, Il., U.S.A.)

Abstract

In the on-line Ramsey game on a family $H$ of graphs, “Builder”presents edges of a graph one-by-one, and “Painter” colors each edge as it ispresented; we require that Builder keep the presented graph in $H$.Builder wins the game $(G, H)$ if Builder can ensure that amonochromatic $G$ arises. The {\em $s$-color on-line degree Ramsey number of$G$}, denoted $\odr(G;s)$, is the least $k$ such that Builder wins$(G,H)$ when $H$ is the family of graphs having maximum degree atmost $k$ and Painter has $s$ colors available. More generally,$\odr(G_1, \ldots, G_s)$ is the minimum $k$ such that Builder can force a copyof $G_i$ in color $i$ for some $i$ when restricted to graphs with maximumdegree at most $k$.

In this paper, we prove that $\odr(T; s) \le s(\Delta(T) - 1) + 1$ for everytree $T$; this is sharp, with equality whenever $T$ has adjacent vertices ofmaximum degree. We also give lower and upper bounds on$\odr(G_1, \dots, G_s)$ when each $G_i$ is a double-star. When each $G_i$ isa star, we determine $\odr(G_1, \dots, G_s)$ exactly.

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