Journal of Symplectic Geometry

Volume 12 (2014)

Number 1

The Hamiltonian geometry of the space of unitary connections with symplectic curvature

Pages: 105 – 123



Joel Fine (Départment de Mathématique, Université Libre de Bruxelles CP218, Bruxelles, Belgium)


Let $\mathcal{L} \to \mathcal{M}$ be a Hermitian line bundle over a compact manifold. Write $\mathcal{S}$ for the space of all unitary connections in $\mathcal{L}$ whose curvatures define symplectic forms on $\mathcal{M}$ and $\mathcal{G}$ for the identity component of the group of unitary bundle isometries of $\mathcal{L}$, which acts on $\mathcal{S}$ by pullback. The main observation of this note is that $\mathcal{S}$ carries a $\mathcal{G}$-invariant symplectic structure, there is a moment map for the $\mathcal{G}$-action and that this embeds the components of $\mathcal{S}$ as $\mathcal{G}$-coadjoint orbits. Restricting to the subgroup of $\mathcal{G}$ which covers the identity on $\mathcal{M}$, we see that prescribing the volume form of a symplectic structure can be seen as finding a zero of a moment map. When $\mathcal{M}$ is a Kähler manifold, this gives a moment-map interpretation of the Calabi conjecture. We also describe some directions for future research based upon the picture outlined here.

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