Mathematical Research Letters
Volume 18 (2011)
Degenerate flag varieties and the median Genocchi numbers
Pages: 1163 – 1178
We study the $\bG_a^M$ degenerations $\Fl^a_\la$ of the type $A$ flag varieties $\Fl_\la$. We describe these degenerations explicitly as subvarieties in the products of Grassmannians. We construct cell decompositions of $\Fl^a_\la$ and show that for complete flags the number of cells is equal to the normalized median Genocchi numbers $h_n$. This leads to a new combinatorial definition of the numbers $h_n$. We also compute the Poincaré polynomials of the complete degenerate flag varieties via a natural statistics on the set of Dellac’s configurations, similar to the length statistics on the set of permutations. We thus obtain a natural $q$-version of the normalized median Genocchi numbers.