Statistics and Its Interface

Volume 6 (2013)

Number 2

Bayesian variable selection in quantile regression

Pages: 261 – 274

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4310/SII.2013.v6.n2.a9

Authors

Cathy W. S. Chen (Department of Statistics, Feng Chia University, Taiwan)

David B. Dunson (Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, U.S.A.)

Craig Reed (University of Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom)

Keming Yu (Shihezi University, China; Brunel University, United Kingdom)

Abstract

In many applications, interest focuses on assessing relationships between predictors and the quantiles of the distribution of a continuous response. For example, in epidemiology studies, cutoffs to define premature delivery have been based on the 10th percentile of the distribution for gestational age at delivery. Using quantile regression, one can assess how this percentile varies with predictors instead of using a pre-defined cutoff. However, there is typically uncertainty in which of the many candidate predictors should be included. In order to identify important predictors and to build accurate predictive models, Bayesian methods for variable selection and model averaging are very useful. However, such methods are currently not available for quantile regression. This article develops Bayesian methods for variable selection, with a simple and efficient stochastic search variable selection (SSVS) algorithm proposed for posterior computation. This approach can be used for moderately highdimensional variable selection and can accommodate uncertainty in basis function selection in non-linear and additive quantile regression models. The methods are illustrated using simulated data and an application to the Boston Housing data.

Keywords

asymmetric Laplace, extremes, Gibbs sampling, model averaging, risk, stochastic search variable selection

Full Text (PDF format)