Statistics and Its Interface
Volume 9 (2016)
Multistage nonparametric tests for treatment comparisons in clinical trials with multiple primary endpoints
Pages: 343 – 354
Many clinical trials, e.g., neurodegenerative disease trials, are conducted to test whether a new treatment could slow or modify disease progression. Multiple primary endpoints are often used since it is difficult to find a single clinical endpoint that summarizes the treatment effect, e.g., the neuroprotective effect. There are three major challenges in the design and analysis of such trials: (1) the presence of nuisance effect regardless whether the desired neuroprotective effect exists; (2) primary endpoints are of mixed type; (3) the need for interim analysis stopping rule for multiple primary endpoints. We propose a simple nonparametric multistage adaptive (group sequential) test to overcome these difficulties. Statistically, this test is another solution to the multivariate nonparametric Behrens-Fisher problem. We provide both large and small sample properties of the proposed test. The methodology is illustrated using data from two randomized clinical trials.
rank-based test, Behrens-Fisher problem, adaptive group sequential test, Brownian motion
2010 Mathematics Subject Classification
Primary 62G10. Secondary 62H15, 62L05.