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# Statistics and Its Interface

## Volume 10 (2017)

### Number 4

### Empirical likelihood bivariate nonparametric maximum likelihood estimator with right censored data and continuous covariate

Pages: 601 – 605

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4310/SII.2017.v10.n4.a6

#### Author

#### Abstract

Recently, Ren and Riddlesworth (2014) derived the empirical likelihood-based *bivariate nonparametric maximum likelihood estimator* (BNPMLE) $\hat{F}_n (t, z)$ for the bivariate distribution function $F_0 (t, z)$ of survival time $T$ and covariate variable $Z$ based on bivariate data where $T$ is subject to right censoring. They showed that such BNPMLE $\hat{F}_n (t, z)$ is a consistent estimator of $F_0 (t, z)$ when variable $Z$ is discrete. Despite all nice properties of the BNPMLE $\hat{F}_n (t, z)$ shown in Ren and Riddlesworth (2014), in this article we show that surprisingly such $\hat{F}_n (t, z)$ is not a consistent estimator when the covariate variable $Z$ is continuous. On the other hand, interestingly our simulation studies suggest that some remedy adjustments on $\hat{F}_n (t, z)$ based on the usual empirical likelihood treatments and the censoring mechanism may provide consistent estimators for $F_0 (t, z)$ with continuous covariate $Z$.

#### Keywords

bivariate data, bivariate right censored data, empirical likelihood, maximum likelihood estimator, right censored data

#### 2010 Mathematics Subject Classification

62G05, 62N02