Methods and Applications of Analysis

Volume 16 (2009)

Number 4

Cascade of Phase Shifts and Creation of Nonlinear Focal Points for Supercritical Semiclassical Hartree Equation

Pages: 403 – 458



Satoshi Masaki


We consider the semiclassical limit of the Hartree equation with a data causing a focusing at a point. We study the asymptotic behavior of phase function associated with the WKB approximation near the caustic when a nonlinearity is supercritical. In this case, it is known that a phase shift occurs in a neighborhood of focusing time in the case of focusing cubic nonlinear Schrödinger equation. Thanks to the smoothness of the nonlocal nonlinearities, we justify the WKB-type approximation of the solution for a data which is larger than in the previous results and is not necessarily well-prepared. We also show by an analysis of the limit hydrodynamical equaiton that, however, this WKB-type approximation breaks down before reaching the focal point: Nonlinear effects lead to the formation of singularity of the leading term of the phase function.


Nonlinear Schrödinger equation, semiclassical analysis, WKB approximation, caustics, Euler equation

2010 Mathematics Subject Classification

Primary 35Q55. Secondary 35Q31.

Published 1 January 2009