Mathematical Research Letters

Volume 15 (2008)

Number 4

Compactness of the complex Green operator

Pages: 761 – 778



Andrew S. Raich (Texas A & M University)

Emil J. Straube (Texas A & M University)


Let $\Omega\subset\C^n$ be a bounded smooth pseudoconvex domain. We show that compactness of the complex Green operator $G_{q}$ on $(0,q)$-forms on $b\Omega$ implies compactness of the $\dbar$-Neumann operator $N_{q}$ on $\Omega$. We prove that if $1 \leq q \leq n-2$ and $b\Omega$ satisfies $(P_q)$ and $(P_{n-q-1})$, then $G_{q}$ is a compact operator (and so is $G_{n-1-q}$). Our method relies on a jump type formula to represent forms on the boundary, and we prove an auxiliary compactness result for an `annulus' between two pseudoconvex domains. Our results, combined with the known characterization of compactness in the $\overline{\partial}$-Neumann problem on locally convexifiable domains, yield the corresponding characterization of compactness of the complex Green operator(s) on these domains.

Published 1 January 2008