Advances in Theoretical and Mathematical Physics

Volume 9 (2005)

Number 4

Degenerate eigenvalues for Hamiltonians with no obvious symmetries

Pages: 593 – 602



Robert K. Bradley

Steven S. Gubser


Certain Hamiltonians, based on two coupled quantum mechanical\break spins, exhibit degenerate eigenvalues despite having no obvious non-Abelian symmetries. Operators acting to permute the degenerate states do not have a simple form when expressed as polynomials of the generators of rotations for the respective spins. As observed in [3], one such Hamiltonian helps explain resonances in the spin relaxation rate of optically pumped ${\rm Rb}_2$, as a function of applied magnetic field. We give an explanation of why the degeneracies exist, based on properties of the commutator and anti-commutator of the Hamiltonian and its image under magnetic field reversal.

Published 1 January 2005